change language
usted está en: home - ecumenis...diálogo - encuentr...r la paz - antwerp ...e future newslettercómo contactarnoslink

Ayuda a la Comunidad

  

Liturgia de Acción de Gracias por el 50 aniversario de la Comunidad de Sant'Egidio

10 de febrero, a las 17.30 h Basílica de San Juan de Letrán

Más dificultades para los más pobres para encontrar, conservar o quedarse en una casa

Presentación de la guía DÓNDE 2018

Llegan a Italia los primeros corredores humanitarios de 2018. La nueva fase del proyecto que se ha convertido en un modelo de acogida e integración para Europa


 
versión para imprimir
9 Septiembre 2014 07:30 | Auditorium KBC

Contribution


Cornelio Sommaruga


Presidente emérito del Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja

I am particularly honoured to be moderating the Panel that the Community of Sant’Egidio wanted to devote to 100 Years after World War I: Disarmament is possible. Let us immediately note that there is no question mark: Disarmament is possible is here in an affirmative sense. 

Let me first tell you whom I am. An Italian speaking Swiss lawyer of the University of Zurich, former Swiss Diplomat, first in Classical Bilateral Diplomacy, then in Trade Diplomacy (that has brought me to be an Ambassador for trade agreements and then a State-Secretary for External Economic Relations of Switzerland) and finally in Humanitarian Diplomacy (having been called to preside over the International Committee of the Red Cross, what I did during 13 years). Since the end of the ICRC Presidency, I have been active in Demining, in the field of Human rights in the Middle-East and North-Africa and finally in the former Moral Rearmament, now called Initiatives of Change, of which I am the Honorary Chair. But most important to say is my Friendship with the Community of Sant’Egidio, whom I know since their successful Mozambique Peace negotiations. I participate here in Antwerp the 16th time to an International Encounter Uomini e Religioni .

None of us had witnessed the start (with the Sarajevo assassination, or the declaration of war by Emperor Franz-Joseph to Serbia on 28th July 1914) of WWI . We are however all aware of the horrible consequences of this global armed conflict that brought in four years millions of human beings to death, to severely wounded and mutilated, leaving hundertthousands women as widows and a very high number of orphans. The fighting soldier was at that time not considered as human being: it was a war between States!

As former ICRC President, I may recall that Henry Dunant had already warned 1862 that new technologies threatened to make war more barbaric. This was certainly the case in World War I where inter alia aircrafts, heavy artillery and finally also chemical weapons were used. The prediction of the Red Cross founder remains of actuality at the beginning of the XXIst century

It was on the initiative of the ICRC that the Geneva Protocol on Chemical Weapons was signed 1925, in the frame of the League of Nations. This was followed, 1972 in the UN, by the Chemical Weapons Convention.

It is indeed in particular after World War II that many efforts were made in the field of general balanced and controlled Disarmament but with limited results also because the UN Conference on Disarmament is since years blocked by the rule of consensus that does even prevent to decide on agendas. We must admit that the enormous increase in arms represents a grave threat to stability and peace. The excessive stockpiling or indiscriminate trading in arms cannot be morally justified. Arms can never be treated as other goods exchanged internationally. 

Some progress has been made in nuclear non proliferation, even if I have to deplore – because of the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons – the non explicit inclusion of such arms in International Humanitarian Law, particularly after the end of the Cold War. I am glad to establish that the Red Cross - Red Crescent Movement have now decided on a four years action plan for working towards the banning of nuclear weapons. 

We have however to welcome the Biological Weapons Convention signature. Also the conclusion of agreements on explosive remnants of war, on antipersonnel mines and on cluster munitions has to be positively noted, as has too the signature of the arms trade treaty. I call these treaties as humanitarian disarmament. One should at this juncture recall the responsibility of arm producing countries to avoid proliferation of light weapons and small arms among non states combatant groups.

Let us say it with determination, that an enormous responsibility before all of humanity lies on those countries possessing mass destruction weapons. The general trend should be to ban production, sale, importing and exporting, stockpiling and use of all sorts of weapons! But ongoing disarmament requires substantial political engagement as well as human and financial resources and a powerful support by the Almighty, whom we always have to invoke for help.

And let me add that with the agreement on disarmament measures, their application is not always warranted.

On the Town-Hall of my home city, Lugano, there is an inscription saying IN LEGIBUS LIBERTAS; QUID LEGES SINE MORIBUS ET FIDES SINE OPERIBUS ? What I would freely translate FREEDOM IS DETERMINED BY LAWS; BUT WHAT ARE LAWS WITHOUT GOOD GOVERNANCE AND TRUST WITHOUT COMMITMENT?    

It is now to you distinguished Colleagues Panellists, to express your views particularly on the question, if disarmament is really possible!

 

PROGRAMMA
PDF

Eventos EN DIRECTO y EN DIFERIDO



NOTICIAS RELACIONADAS
29 Enero 2018
BANGUI, REPÚBLICA CENTROAFRICANA

Chantal, Elodie y las demás: historias de niños y adultos que siguen tratamiento con el programa DREAM en Bangui, capital de la República Centroafricana

IT | ES | DE | FR | CA | NL
24 Enero 2018
ROMA, ITALIA

República Centroafricana, el presidente Touadera en Sant'Egidio: continúa el proceso de paz; empieza la nueva fase de desarme

IT | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | ID
14 Enero 2018

Ya está en las librerías “Fare Pace - la diplomazia di Sant'Egidio”


En vísperas del 50 aniversario, un libro para comprender el trabajo por la paz de Sant'Egidio
IT | ES | DE | PT
31 Diciembre 2011

Jornada Mundial de la Paz. La manifestación PAZ EN TODAS LAS TIERRAS

IT | ES | DE | CA
23 Octubre 2011

El Espíritu de Asís: 25 años de oración por la paz

IT | EN | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | NL | RU
20 Marzo 2011

Jos (Nigeria): Conferencia sobre la paz, el servicio a los pobres y el diálogo interreligioso

IT | EN | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | NL
todas las noticias relacionadas

NOTICIAS DESTACADAS
5 Febrero 2018

Sant'Egidio, 50 años al servicio de la paz - entrevista a Marco Impagliazzo


"Satisfecho de haber hecho descubrir a muchos la alegría del Evangelio"
IT | ES | CA | ID | HU
3 Febrero 2018 | MACERATA, ITALIA
Comunicado de prensa

Macerata, solidaridad de Sant'Egidio con las víctimas: una delegación visita a los heridos en el hospital


“Al lado de quien ha sufrido el odio y el racismo. No al desprecio que provoca violencia”
IT | ES
31 Enero 2018 | IRAK

Iraq: preocupación de Sant'Egidio por el recurso a la pena de muerte

IT | ES | DE | FR

PRENSA RELACIONADA
25 Febrero 2018
Roma sette
Congo e Sud Sudan, Gnavi: «La liberazione ha il nome di Gesù»
22 Febrero 2018
Domradio.de
"Wir können Frieden organisieren wie andere den Krieg"
21 Febrero 2018
Famiglia Cristiana
La preghiera sia un urlo contro le guerre
20 Febrero 2018
SIR
Giornata preghiera e digiuno: Comunità di Sant’Egidio, adesione all’invito del Papa. Veglia nella basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere a Roma e in molte città italiane
20 Febrero 2018
Vatican Insider
Sant’Egidio si unisce alla Giornata di digiuno per Congo e Sud Sudan indetta dal Papa
todo relacionado con la prensa