change language
vous êtes dans: home - l'oecum...dialogue - rencontr...tionales - antwerp ...e future newslettercontactslink

Soutenez la Communauté


Les arrivées des premiers couloirs humanitaires 2018 en Italie. La nouvelle phase du projet, devenu un modèle d'accueil et d'intégration pour l'Europe

"PAIX SUR TOUTES LES TERRES" : 1er janvier, une marche pour un monde qui sache accueillir et intégrer

Le premier jour de l'année nouvelle, manifestations sur tous les continents pour soutenir le message du pape François

De l'Indonésie au Salvador, de l'Allemagne au Mozambique, voici les nouvelles galeries d'images des repas de Noël de Sant'Egidio dans le monde

Des photos continuent d'affluer de tous les continents, regardez-les sur notre carte interactive!

Galerie de photos et vidéos du repas de Noël à Santa Maria in Trastevere

Visite virtuelle de la crèche de Sant'Egidio : Jésus accueilli par les pauvres, les malades, les sans logis et les hommes de toutes confessions

Sant'Egidio et la Muhammadiyah signent à Djakarta un nouvel accord pour la paix et le dialogue interreligieux

une délégation de la Communauté menée par Marco Impagliazzo se trouve en Indonésie

Sant'Egidio au conseil de sécurité de l'ONU pour un point sur la République centrafricaine

Mauro Garofalo : "Le succès de ce premier désarmement garantit la crédibilité de l'ensemble du processus en actes"

Donner à manger aux personnes âgées au Mozambique : distribuitions d'aides alimentaires aux plus pauvres dans la ville de Beira

Aidons les réfugiés rohingyas au Bangladesh

La Communauté de Sant’Egidio lance une collecte de fonds pour envoyer des aides dans les camps de réfugiés au Bangladesh, en collaboration avec l’Eglise locale

Tous les textes de la rencontre #Pathsofpeace

L'assemblée d'inauguration de la rencontre internationale Chemins de Paix

Chemins de 2017 : tout sur la rencontre internationale des religions du monde pour la paix

Le programme, les intervenants et les événements en direct streaming

Global friendship, #MoreYouthMorePeace : le message et l’engagement des Jeunes pour la paix à Barcelone

rendez-vous l’année prochaine à Rome !

version imprimable
9 Septembre 2014 09:30 | Auditorium ING


Muhammad Khalid Masud

Member of the Supreme Court of Pakistan

Let me begin by thanking the Community of Saint Agidio for selecting the theme “Peace is the Future” for this International Conference. No other theme could be more pertinent in the current perilous situation in Middle East, particularly in Gaza, Syria and Iraq. I have been asked to speak on ‘Muslims and Christians together for Peace’. It’s about time that believers in the world came together for peace because they take pride in the conviction that peace is the future. In my view, Christians and Muslims as followers of two major religions in the world today have more at stake today than others. It is therefore imperative that they play their necessary role for establishing peace in the world. 

Focus on Muslims and Christians does not mean that other religions are not anxious about peace in the world or they have no role to play in the current situation. On the contrary, the continuing demonstrations and rallies denouncing the massacre of innocent people, especially of children in Gaza, condemning immoral and insane killings in Syria and Iraq, particularly of Christians, Yazidis and other religious minorities speak eloquently about the universal concern for peace. They speak for all believers in world religions and for those who do not belong to any religion but share their religious heritage. 

The first thing to do today is strengthen the mutual trust that is sometimes  questioned on account of   various events in the past and lack of which is frustrating our efforts to coming together for peace today. I need not apologize for the past because Muslims and Christians did in those days what their faith required according to the then theologians who justified such actions. We need not edit or rewrite the history. Today we are all part of an international community bound together with mutual pacts and conventions. However, under the burden of past we lack the required mutual trust. We need to dig deeper in our respective traditions to find common grounds to restore this mutual trust; namely the common hope for peace. 

I am encouraged by the Qur’an that tells me that “the nearest among those in love to the believers you will find those who say, "We are Christians"; because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant.  And when they listen to the revelation received by the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognize the truth. They say, ‘ What cause can we have not to believe in God and the truth which has come to us, seeing that we long for our Lord to admit us to the company of the righteous?" And for this their prayer has God rewarded them with gardens, with rivers flowing underneath, - their eternal home. Such is the recompense of those who do good (Qur’an, 5: 82-4).

The Qur’an also tells me that those who believe, the Jews, the Sabians and the Christians, anyone who believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness, - on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve (Qur’an, 5: 69).

The Qur’an recounts the stories of several messengers who came with guidance from God. It confirms what went before it, namely the Torah and the Gospel that God sent down as guides to mankind (Qur’an, 3: 3). “We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of messengers.  We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear Signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit (Qur’an, 2: 87). 

It tells me about Christians and says: “We sent after them Jesus the son of Mary, and bestowed on him the Gospel and We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him Compassion and Mercy (Qur’an, 5:27).  About Mary, I am told that God addressed her saying: "O Mary! God has chosen you and purified you; He has chosen you above the women of all nations” (Qur’an, 3: 24). 

I must not, however, forget the verses in the Qur’an that criticize Christians along with followers of other religions for not abiding by the Scripture. It says, “If only they had stood fast by the Torah, the Gospel, and all the revelation that was sent to them from their Lord, they would have enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on the right course: but many of them follow a wrong course” (5:66). 

I believe this is a reminder for Muslims as well.

This is reminder to study the history of conflicts, certainly not to continue the debates of yesteryears but to look for the origins or moral trajectories of current mistrust.  The current threat to peace has a trajectory that is too long to be covered in short space of this talk. I confine myself to recent past and to the present chaos that we all wish to pass as quickly as possible.  During the past two days we have discussed various aspects of the present crises including religion and violence. I would like to invite your attention to one issue: the lust of absolute power.

As I understand, the present menace to peace is caused by the lust for power, absolute power. The religious wars in the past, particularly in Europe led to the idea of nation-states that replaced medieval empires founded on religious solidarity. The lesson we learnt was that lust for power is divisive even when based on religion. Nation-states were, therefore, defined as polities founded on secularism and democracy; Secularism to separate politics from religion and Democracy to maintain the balance of power. But nationalism has been also divisive and power seeker.

Some lonely voices like Muhammad Iqbal in Lahore in 1924 did warn us about the dangers of formation of states on racial basis and perils of nationalizing moral and ethical values. Iqbal was concerned about Europe where universal ethics of Christianity was being replaced by systems of national ethics. Without bringing any workable synthesis of the two opposing systems of ethics, he feared that intolerance would ruin European morality.  He urged the leaders in the world of Islam to understand the real meaning of what has happened in Europe, and then to move forward with self-control and a clear insight into the ultimate aims of Islam as a social policy.

However, the ideology of nationalism soon came to revere nation in terms of superior race and nation-state as infallible sovereignty.  This absolutism led to more destruction than ever in human history. We witnessed racial discrimination, genocide, use of weapons of mass destruction and horrendous wars. Unfortunately, the pursuit for absolute power has not subsided yet.

The constitutional lawyers have been churning the doctrines of expediency, emergency, siege, necessity, martial law, security, pre-emptive strikes, and derogation or exemption from rule of law to empower further the already absolutely powerful state.  Still, these doctrines operated within the framework of legal positivism. They reject religious and moral normativity and claim that law provides its own norms. At present, however, in the wake of war on terror, the political theorists are advancing the doctrine of ‘state exception’ to argue that the state should be law unto itself, not restricted by the constitutions and by the International laws. They insist that the state should have the right to define its own norms. The critics of this development, like Stephen Humphreys, are characterizing this development as ‘legalizing lawlessness’.  

Muslim movements for Islamic state and Khilafa in Iraq and Syria are also marching on similar path; steering away from Democracy to the ideology of absolute power. They are using religious texts and scriptures to justify absolute power. They silence their opponents calling them apostates. They declare non-Muslims non-believers and enemies of God. And kill them both mercilessly. Like the doctrine of state exception, the doctrine of caliphate as vice regency of the Prophet of God also rests on the idea of absolute power. It is justified on the grounds of fear and security. My worry is that unless we collectively address this menacing lust of power in modern political thought and until we subject this lust to universal ethical principles we cannot take effective steps toward peace.  

Both Muslims and Christians have been confronting the tension between law and ethics. Unfortunately, both have been generating political doctrines of absolute power, separated from religion and ethics. It is, therefore, the duty of Muslims and Christians both to restore the role of universal ethics to modern politics. 

I would like to refer to the Qur’anic verse that calls upon all believers to stand for justice: 

O you ho believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it is (against) rich or poor: for God can best protect both. Follow not the lust, lest you swerve, and if you distort or decline to do justice, verily God is well-acquainted with all that you do (Qur’an, 4: 135).

Let me conclude with a prayer that the Qur’an teaches:  

Say, O my Sustainer! Cause me to enter in a manner true and sincere, and cause me to leave in a manner true and sincere, and grant me, out of Thy grace, sustaining strength! (Qur’an 17: 80)




30 Janvier 2018

Chantal, Elodie et les autres : des enfants en soins avec le programme DREAM à Bangui, capitale de la Centrafrique

IT | ES | DE | FR | CA | NL
25 Janvier 2018

Centrafrique. Le président Touadéra en visite à Sant’Egidio : « Merci pour le soutien au processus de paix : la nouvelle phase de désarmement commence maintenant »

IT | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | ID
1 Janvier 2012

Marche pour la paix sur toutes les terres

Rome, un long cortège jusqu'à la Place Saint-Pierre. Les salutations du pape Benoît
IT | DE | FR | NL | RU
24 Octobre 2011

L'Esprit d'Assise : 25 années de prière pour la paix

IT | EN | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | NL | RU
21 Mars 2011

Jos (Nigeria) : conférence sur la paix, le service aux pauvres et le dialogue interreligieux

IT | EN | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | NL
2 Janvier 2011

A Rome, le pape salue les participants à la marche "Paix sur toutes les terres" organisée par la Communauté de Sant'Egidio

IT | ES | DE | FR | PT | CA | NL | CS
toutes les nouvelles connexes

2 Février 2018

D'Argentine au sanctuaire des martyrs de Saint-Barthélemy, les reliques des religieux tués en 1976

La prière a été présidée par Mgr Oscar Vicente Ojea, président de la Conférence épiscopale argentine
IT | ES | FR
1 Février 2018 | IRAK

Irak : inquiétude de Sant'Egidio devant le recours à la peine de mort

IT | ES | DE | FR
30 Janvier 2018 | PARIS, FRANCE

Bienvenue ! L'arrivée à Paris de 40 réfugiés syriens par les couloirs humanitaires ouverts en France

IT | ES | DE | FR | CA | ID

26 Février 2018
Roma sette
Congo e Sud Sudan, Gnavi: «La liberazione ha il nome di Gesù»
23 Février 2018
"Wir können Frieden organisieren wie andere den Krieg"
22 Février 2018
Famiglia Cristiana
La preghiera sia un urlo contro le guerre
21 Février 2018
Vatican Insider
Sant’Egidio si unisce alla Giornata di digiuno per Congo e Sud Sudan indetta dal Papa
21 Février 2018
Giornata preghiera e digiuno: Comunità di Sant’Egidio, adesione all’invito del Papa. Veglia nella basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere a Roma e in molte città italiane
tous les dossiers de presse